Identify the weaker argument in each dialog and describe the problem with that argument, including the fallacy name if any. Make sure you include all necessary details, including the "crucial fact," and the precise way the argument goes wrong. You can do this exercise on your own lined paper, (if it doesn't have curly edges from ripping it out of a spiral notebook), or you can use Homework 9 Answer Sheet
1. Dexter. I think it's a bad sign when a country is continually starting wars. It's like having a guy in your neighborhood who you have to avoid because he's continually getting into fights with his neighbors.
Kelsi. You don't know what you're talking about. A great nation is like a well-developed human body. The strength and power of human body depends on regular exercise in the form of hard physical activity, so the strength and power of a great nation depends on regular exercise in the form of war.
2. Pangloss. No, I'm not going to assign The Ominous Parallels in my political science class. I've skimmed through the book and randomly read a few dozen pages. Every page I've looked at, every argument I've looked at, has been just plain silly. Based on this sample of his writing, I would say that the author of this book obviously does not understand political philosophy and obviously has little knowledge of political history. Certainly, I have not seen anything in the book that indicates it would be even the slightest use to a student of political science.
Lemming. Well, but you would happily use the book A Theory of Justice, wouldn't you?
Pangloss. Yes of course. A Theory of Justice is an extremely significant work of political philosophy.
Lemming. Aha, here's where I've got you. Both The Ominous Parallels and A Theory of Justice are hardbound in high-quality paper with rich leather covers. Both weigh about a pound, and both use a 12-point Helvetica typeface. A Theory of Justice is a significant work of political philosophy, so therefore The Ominous Parallels is also a significant work of political philosophy. So you have a very good reason to assign it in your political science class.
3. Jamari I think that the government should put more money into public transportation. A properly designed light rail system in Los Angeles would relieve large numbers of commuters of the necessity of driving to work. The vast majority of those commuters drive with just one person in the car, so putting 100,000 commuters onto trains would take nearly 100,000 cars off the road. We need to do something like that because right now the roads are clogged worse than Ronald McDonald's arteries! How does that guy stay alive on an all-hamburger diet anyway?
Sammy That's a very apt metaphor. Our freeways really are like clogged arteries right now. You know that clogged arteries can only be cured by surgery, so clogged highways require equally drastic measures. Public transportation isn't really a drastic measure, so obviously it's not going to be adequate.